Yoguic Trance in the Oldest Upaniṣads

Autor: Fernando Tola

The Yoga, as the method to attain yoguic or mystic trance, did exist at the epoch of the oldest Upaniṣads, although not in the complete and systematic form in which it is presented in the classical work of Patañjali. In the oldest Upaniṣads exist many passages that contain isolated references to qualities or virtues and practices that afterwards would be essential elements of the yogic system.


Tola, F. & Dragonetti, C. (1987), “Yoguic Trance in the Oldest Upaniṣads”, Annals of the Bhandarkar Oriental Research, LXVIII: 377-392.